Environmental Studies

Plehiers PM; Ward L; West RJ; Boegi C
Model-assisted interpretation of 4,4'-methylene dianiline adsorption on soils at micromolar concentrations
Environ Toxicol Chem, 42, (12), 2023, 2580-8
DOI:  10.1002/etc.5737


Schraepen N; Boegi C; Pirkl G; Feeley T; Chai J; Spence M; Ward L; West R 
Aromatic isocyanate-based polymeric prepolymers: investigation of structure-property relationships to aquatic exposure and acute aquatic toxicity
Poster presented at the SETAC (Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry) Europe 33rd Annual Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, 30 Apr.-4 May, 2023
[No DOI]


Joly AC; Gagné S; West R; Aubin S; Dewez D; Lesage J 
Development of a method for preservation, extraction, and quantitation of 4,4’-methylenedianiline in soils of varied texture and organic matter content   
Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal, 54, (7), 2023, 964-74
DOI: 10.1080/00103624.2022.2137184


Seneker S; Simon G, Snyder S, Spence M; West R
Polymeric polyisocyanate prepolymers (P3): structure-property relationships to aquatic exposure and acute aquatic toxicity
Poster presented at the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America 43rd Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, 13-17 Nov., 2022
[No DOI] 


West RJ; Euskirchen L; Neuhahn A; Seneker S; Spence MW
Exploring structure/property relationships to health and environmental hazards of polymeric polyisocyanate prepolymer substances-1. Design of experiments, aquatic exposure, and acute aquatic toxicity
Toxicol Ind Health, Vol. 38, (9), 2022, 544-55
DOI: 10.1177/07482337221097009


Neuland M; Allmendinger H; Pirkl H-G; West RJ; Plehiers PM
Homogeneous hydrolysis of 4,4’-methylenediphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) in water 
Toxicol Environ Chem, 104, (1), 2022, 55-66
DOI: 10.1080/02772248.2021.2009480


Plehiers PM 
Comment on "Isocyanic acid (HNCO) and its fate in the atmosphere: a review" by M. D. Leslie, M. Ridoli, J. G. Murphy and N. Borduas-Dedekind, Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2019, 21, 793
Environ Sci Process Impacts, Vol. 21, (12), 2019, 2150-2
DOI: 10.1039/c9em00403c 


Brunet C; Aubin S; Gagné S; West R; Lesage J
Development of a method for extraction and determination of 4,4’-methylenedianiline in soils by solid-phase extraction and UPLC-MS-MS
J Liq Chromatogr Relat Technol, Vol. 41, (15-16), 2018, 919-26
DOI: 10.1080/10826076.2018.1539673 


Boegi C; Gaertner C; Schwarz H; West R
Comparison of kinetics and products of degradation determined for the toluenediamine substances in the OECD-standardized ready biodegradability and sediment simulation tests 
Presentation given at the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Europe 28th Annual Meeting, Rome, Italy, 13-17 May, 2018
[No DOI] 


Schupp T; Allmendinger H; Boegi C; Bossuyt BT; Hidding B; Shen S; Tury B; West RJ
The environmental behavior of methylene-4,4′-dianiline
In: Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 246, de Voogt P, ed., Springer International Publishing, 2018, 91-132.
DOI: 10.1007/398_2018_13 


West RJ; Hugel E
Refined solution for neutralization of residues in emptied diisocyanate drums
Presentation, Center for the Polyurethanes Industry (CPI) Polyurethanes Technical Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, 23-25 Sept., 2013
[No DOI] 


Schupp T; Allmendinger H; Bossuyt BT; Hidding B; Tury B; West RJ
Review of the ecotoxicological properties of the methylenedianiline substances
Rev.Environ.Contam.Toxicol., Vol. 241, 2017, 39-72
DOI: 10.1007/398_2016_6


Schupp T.
Methylene-4,4'-dianiline (MDA): complex behaviour in nitrification inhibition tests
Poster, Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) German Language Branch meeting, Giessen, Germany, 7-10 Sept., 2014
[No DOI]


Bossuyt B; Carpenter K; Ponizovsky A; Schaefer E; West R
Fate of 4,4'-methylenedianiline (MDA) in freshwater and estuarine environments
Poster presented at SETAC 35 th Annual Meeting, Vancouver, Canada, 9 Nov 2014
[No DOI] 


Egeler P; Henry KS; Riedhammer C
Potential effects of food addition to sediment on test conditions in sediment toxicity tests
J.Soils & Sed., Vol.10, (3), Apr., 2010, 377-88
DOI: 10.1007/s11368-009-0169-7


Nozaka T; Matsuura T; Maeda M; Tadokoro H 
Effects of toluene-2,4-diamine on red sea bream, Pagrus major  : biochemical and histological evaluation 
Environ. Sci., Vol. 14, Supplement, 2007, 1-8
[No DOI] 


West RJ; Henry KS; Davis JW
Examination of feeding modes and sediment equilibration time used in evaluating chronic toxicity of toluenediamine (TDA) to sediment-dwelling organisms 
Poster presented at SETAC 4 th World Congress, Portland, Oregon, 15 Nov., 2004
[No DOI] 


Sendijarevic V; Sendijarevic A; Sendijarevic I; Bailey RE; Pemberton D; Reimann KA
Hydrolytic stability of toluene diisocyanate and polymeric methylenediphenyl diisocyanate based polyureas under environmental considerations
Environ.Sci.Technol., Vol 38, (4), 2004, 1066-72
DOI: 10.1021/es035072f 


Tury B; Pemberton D; Bailey RE 
Fate and potential environmental effects of methylenediphenyl diisocyanate and toluene diisocyanate released into the atmosphere
J.Air Waste Manage.Assoc., Vol.53, Jan., 2003, 61-6
DOI: 10.1080/10473289.2003.10466120 


Yakabe Y; Hiromatsu K; Kawahara K; Nakahara M
Determination of 1-octanol/water partition coefficients of isocyanate compounds by an HPLC method
Toxicol.Environ.Chem., Vol. 77, 2000, 199-206
DOI: 10.1080/02772240009358950 


Yakabe Y; Henderson KM; Thompson WC; Pemberton D; Tury B; Bailey RE
Fate of methylenediphenyl diisocyanate and toluene diisocyanate in the aquatic environment
Environ.Sci.Technol., Vol. 33, (15), 1999, 2579-83
DOI: 10.1021/es981350c 


Cowen WF; Gastinger AM; Spanier CE; Buckel JR; Bailey RE
Sorption and microbial degradation of toluenediamines and methylenedianiline in soil under aerobic and anaerobic conditions
Env.Sci.Tech., Vol. 32, (5), 1998, 598-603.
DOI: 10.1021/es970203w 


Heimbach F; Jaeger K; Sporenberg W
Fate and biological effects of polymeric MDI (4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate and homologs) in small artificial ponds
Ecotox.Environ.Safety, Vol. 33, 1996, 143-53.
DOI: 10.1006/eesa.1996.0018 


Asakura S; Okazaki S
Biodegradation of toluene diamine (TDA) in activated sludge acclimated with aniline and TDA
Chemosphere, Vol. 30, (11), 1995, 2209-17.
DOI: 10.1016/0045-6535(95)00093-n 


Bailey RE; Kitahara H; Gilbert DS
Environmental aspects of TDI
Prog.Rubber Plastics Technol., Vol. 8, (1), 1992, 28-48.
[No DOI] 


Gilbert DS
Fate of TDI and MDI in air, soil and water
Paper, SPI/FSK Polyurethanes World Congress, Aachen, 29 Sept. -2 Oct., 1987, 166-72. Also published in J.Cell.Plast., Vol. 24, (2), 1988, 178-92.
DOI: 10.1177/0021955X8802400206 


Becker KH; Bastian V; Klein T
The reactions of OH radicals with toluene diisocyanate, toluenediamine and methylene dianiline under simulated atmospheric conditions
J.Photochem.Photobiol., A: Chem., Vol. 45, 1988, 195-205.
DOI: 10.1016/1010-6030(88)80128-X 


Nutt AR; Skidmore DW
Recovery of chlorofluorocarbon 11 by activated carbon scrubbing on a polyurethane foam slabstock plant
Cell.Pol., Vol. 6, 1987, 62-78.
DOI: 10.1177/026248938700600 


Urano K; Yamamoto E
Removal and recovery of Freon 11 vapor from a polyurethane foam factory by activated carbon
In: International Progress in Polyurethanes, Vol. 4, 1985, Ashida K; Frisch KC eds., 35-55.
[No DOI] 


Urano K; Yamamoto E
A treatment process of waste gas containing tolylenediisocyanate by adsorption with activated carbon
Ind.Eng.Chem.Proc.Des.Dev., Vol. 23, 1984, 665-669.
DOI: 10.1021/i200027a007 


Martens R; Domsch KH
Microbial degradation of polyurethane foams and isocyanate based polyureas in different media
Wat.Air & Soil Poll., Vol. 15, 1981, 503-509.
DOI: 10.1007/BF00279430